Transplantation is the transfer of human organs, parts of organs, tissues or cells. Organs have to be transferred a short time after they are removed, otherwise they will die. Tissues and cells can be stored for a long time after removal and appropriate treatment.
Organ transplants can only be performed by transplant centers. The bashir dawood transplant centers are hospitals that have been given a special permit by the respective state government.
In most cases, the transplant is transferred from one person to another allogeneic transplant. The immune system of the recipient almost always reacts with a rejection reaction from a foreign organ. However, this can be suppressed with medication. In stem cell transplants, the donor’s defense cells immune cells that are contained in the transplant can attack the recipient donor-versus-recipient disease. This is prevented by the preventive administration of drugs to suppress the immune system immunosuppressive.
The following transplants are currently being performed:
Organs: kidney, liver, lungs, heart, pancreas or small intestine,
Tissue: e.g. cornea, blood vessels, skin, heart valves, tendons, ligaments and connective tissue, bones,
Cells: e.g. bone marrow and blood stem cells, umbilical cord blood stem cells, cartilage cells, cells of the pancreas, egg cells.
A transplant is also possible if the donor and recipient are identical autologous transplant. In this process, tissue is transferred from one part of the body to another, e.g. skin, arteries. Treatment with the body’s own blood stem cells is also possible. No rejection reaction is to be expected with an autologous transplant. This also applies to transplants between identical twins syngeneic transplantation, since the immune system does not see the transplant as a foreign body.